Prof. STANISŁAW STOLARZ
Institute of Nonferrous Metals
Prof. FRIEDRICH BENESOVSKY
1914 - 1980
The Plansee Group, Reutte, Austria
Prof. FRIEDRICH BENESOVSKY (1914 – 1980) was born on July 5, 1914 in Wagstadt (now Bílovec, Czech Republic). He was the son of the chief local government official Franz Benesovsky. After attending Primary and Middle School in Troppau, he completed his secondary education in Brünn. He then devoted himself to study at the Technical University Brünn, in the department of Applied Chemistry obtaining distinctions in both the first State Examination in 1934 and the second on 22nd June 1936. After a short period as a research assistant in the department of Applied Inorganic Chemistry, Friedrich Benesovsky was drafted to Reutte to the Metallwerk Plansee company.
In his early years, he was occupied with the scientific basis and the technological development of sintered iron and sintered steel. He composed his doctor’s thesis on “Alloyed Sintered Steels” at the Technical University of Gratz. During his 35 years in Metallwerk Plansee, his interest and research were in the field of metallic hard materials, especially carbides, borides, silicide, and nitrides, and was especially interested in the industrial application of these substances for special purposes. Numerous patents are based on the result of his research. He retired as the President of this company in 1974.
Over 290 scientific publications bear his name as author or co-author. Many of those books were translated into several languages, he was an editor of the Journal "Planseberichte fur Pulvermetallurgie", and in 1975 he was awarded the highest distinction which the German Metallurgical Society can offer.
He passed away in 1980 in Austria.
taken from “The proceedings of the 10th Plansee Seminar 1981”
Many thanks to Herbert Danninger for unselfish help
Prof. ROBERT L. COBLE
1928 – 1992
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, United States
Prof. Robert L. Coble was a dedicated teacher and researcher widely recognized for his contributions to the theory of sintering of materials and to ceramic processing. He received his graduate degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1955 and spent the following five years at General Electric Research Laboratories. There he worked on the sintering of ceramics and made major contributions to the theory of sintering and development a dense product "Lucalox". In 1960 he returned to MIT, became an associate professor in 1962, received tenure in 1966, and was promoted to professor in 1969.
In 1984 Prof. Coble received the prestigious Humboldt Research Award for U.S. Scientists to support a one-year stay in Germany; he spent most of that time at the Max Planck Institute in MPI in Stutgart
Stuttgart. In 1985 he was awarded the Frenkel Prize for outstanding contributions to the theoretical base of sintering materials by the International Institute for the Science of Sintering. Professor Robert Coble was also awarded the National Institute of Ceramic Engineers' Professional Achievement Prize in 1960 and the Raytheon Award for "Outstanding Ceramist of the Year" in 1967. He served as chairman, vice-chairman, and trustee of the Basic Science Division of the American Ceramic Society and held a succession of offices in the New England Section of the American Ceramic Society. He served on the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's Materials Research Council. He served on the advisory board of the U.S. congressional Office of Technology Assessment and on several ad hoc committees organized by the National Materials Advisory Board of the National Research Council, which addressed materials problems.
Professor Robert Coble died on the island of Maui in Hawaii on August 27, 1992, at the age of sixty-four.
Taken from The National Academic Press, Volume 14 (2011)
Prof. JOSEPH E. BURKE
1914 – 2000
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA
Prof. Joseph E. Burke was born in Berkeley, California, USA. He lived his early years in Canada and was a 1938 graduate of McMaster University. He received his doctorate in ceramic science from Cornell University and worked for the International Nickel Company and the Norton Company until being handpicked in 1943 to join the world-famous Oppenheimer-led Manhattan Project team at Los Alamos, New Mexico, National Laboratory. He helped design, build, and manage the first large-scale facility for the preparation of plutonium nitrate and its conversion to bomb cores. Dr. Burke’s contributions to the development of the first atomic weapon were eventually detailed in “Recollections of Wartime Los Alamos: Uranium Hydride Preparation and Plutonium Processing” (Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 100, November 16, 1981). After the war, Dr. Burke became a faculty member at the Institute for the Study of Metals at the University of Chicago, where he worked on the origins of microstructure in metals and the kinetics of grain growth. In 1949 he joined the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory (KAPL), first as a research associate, later as manager of metallurgy.
From 1972 to 1979, Dr. Burke had assignments in program planning and other special activities at the GE R&D Centre. Later he resigned to become a consultant in materials science and engineering. He also served as an adjunct professor of ceramics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York. The result of this long and intensive laboratory effort—Lucalox—was licensed and sold for many uses by General Electric but soon became of special interest to GE’s Lamp Division, where Lucalox lamps have had a very extensive impact on the world’s lighting business—and Bottom of Form the conservation of energy.
Dr. Burke was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1976. He had been active in the American Ceramic Society (ACS), of which he was a fellow, for many years, and was made a distinguished lecturer in 1972, president in 1974, and a distinguished life member from 1982. From the ACS, he received the John Jeppson Medal in 1981 and the W. David Kingery Award in 1999. He also was a fellow of the American Nuclear Society and the American Society for Metals (ASM) and a member of the British Ceramic Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He also was a fellow of the American Nuclear Society and ASM International. Results of his work are documented in six patents and more than 40 technical papers. He was co-author, with A. U. Seybolt, of the book Procedures in Experimental Metallurgy (Wiley, 1953) and co-editor, with D. W. White, of The Metal Beryllium (American Society of Metals, 1955). He also served as editor of a review series, “Progress in Ceramic Science.”
Joseph E. Burke, a key innovator in the “science of ceramic materials” died in Schenectady, New York, on February 29, 2000.
Taken from The National Academic Press, Volume 14 (2011)
Prof. IVAN B. CUTLER
1924 – 1979
The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, United States
Professor Cutler was born in 1924 in Salt Lake City, Utah, ·USA. He received the degree of Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering from the University of Utah in 1947 and, and in 1951 his PhD from the same University, specializing in ceramic engineering. He was appointed instructor in 1951 and Assistant Professor in 1952. From 1952-1956 Prof. Cutler was an Assistant Professor of Ceramic Engineering, University of Utah, and in 1956 he became the head of the Department of Ceramic Engineering. He became Professor of Ceramic Engineering in 1959, and in 1965 he was appointed Professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Utah. In 1967 and 1968 he was visiting professor of Ceramic Engineering at the University of Illinois, Urbana. From 1968 to his retirement he remains a professor of ceramic engineering. Professor Cutler was a member of the following professional and honorary societies: Phi Kappa Phi, Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Xi, American Ceramic Society, American Society for Engineering Education, British Ceramic Society, Society of fero-space and Process Engineers. Professor Cutler was the principal investigator in the A.S.C. Project on the recrystallization and sintering of oxides, in the US Bureau of Mines Project concerning the utilization of mineral wastes in ceramic products and the O.N.R. Project on impurity-vacancy interaction of oxides. Since 1969 to his retirement Professor I.B. Cutler was a member of the Editorial Board of the journal Physics of Sintering. Professor Ivan Cutler passed away on 26 September 1979, in Centerville, Utah, United States.